The year 2010 marked the 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the People's Republic of China and Canada. Relations between the two countries maintained positive momentum of development.
The two countries kept frequent high-level exchanges. From 23 to 25 June, President Hu Jintao paid a state visit to Canada. During his visit, President Hu Jintao met with Governor General Michaëlle Jean and held talks with Prime Minister Stephen Harper. He also met with Speaker of the Senate Noel Kinsella, Speaker of the House of Commons Peter Milliken, Leader of the Liberal Party Michael Ignatieff and former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and delivered a speech entitled "Promote the All-round Development of the China-Canada Strategic Partnership" at the welcoming banquet held by Prime Minister Harper. President Hu expounded from a strategic perspective the importance and the urgency of developing China-Canada relations under the new circumstances, emphasizing the need for the two sides to stay committed to the right direction of China-Canada relations and make joint efforts to push forward the China-Canada strategic partnership. He made five proposals to this end, i.e. strengthening high-level exchanges and exchanges at other levels, expanding practical cooperation, widening cultural and people-to-people exchanges, enhancing cooperation in major international and regional affairs and respecting each other's core interests and major concerns. The Canadian side agreed with President Hu Jintao's important proposals for developing the China-Canada relationships and regarded this relationship as one of the most important bilateral relationships in the world. The Canadian side affirmed its strong and unequivocal commitment to the one China policy, and its view that respecting each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity constitutes the foundation of handling bilateral relations. It expressed its readiness to work with China to maintain high-level visits, further expand practical cooperation in business, investment, energy and resources, and advance the strategic partnership between the two countries. Leaders of the two countries reiterated their commitment to developing the China-Canada strategic partnership, and announced the goal of US$60 billion in bilateral trade by 2015. The two sides signed ten documents on cooperation in the fields of business, energy, mining, environmental protection, law enforcement, tourism, inspection, quarantine and telecommunications. From 30 June to 5 July, Governor General Michaëlle Jean was in China for the National Pavilion Day of Canada at the Shanghai World Expo. She visited Guangzhou, Chengdu and Beijing, and met with President Hu Jintao in Beijing. NPC Vice Chairmen Lu Yongxiang, Jiang Shusheng and Han Qide and NPC Vice Chairwoman Yan Junqi visited Canada or attended international conferences there.
Exchanges between the two countries increased at various levels. In July, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi met with his Canadian counterpart Lawrence Cannon on the sidelines of the Foreign Ministers' Meetings of the ASEAN Regional Forum. In November, General Chen Bingde, Member of the Central Military Commission and Chief of the PLA General Staff, stopped over in Toronto on his visit to Latin America and met with General Walt Natynczyk, Chief of the Defense Staff. A number of Chinese officials visited Canada, including Minister of Science and Technology Wan Gang, Minister of Transport Li Shenglin, Minister of the General Administration of Sport Liu Peng, Administrator of the State Oceanic Administration Sun Zhihui, Vice Minister of Education Li Weihong, Vice Minister of Human Resources and Social Security Yang Shiqiu, Vice Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction Qi Ji, Vice Minister of Commerce Zhong Shan, Vice Minister of Culture Wang Wenzhang, Vice Chairman of the National Tourism Administration Du Jiang and Deputy Chief of the PLA General Staff Lieutenant General Hou Shusen. In October, Foreign Minister Cannon visited China. He met with Vice Premier Li Keqiang and held talks with Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi. A number of Canadian officials visited China, including Minister of Fisheries and Oceans Gail Shea, Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Gerry Ritz, President of the Treasury Board and Minister for the Asia-Pacific Gateway Stockwell Day, Minister of International Trade Peter Van Loan, Minister of Finance James Flaherty, Minister of Natural Resources Christian Paradis, Minister of Health Leona Aglukkaq, Minister of Industry Tony Clement, Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Jason Kenney, Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities Chuck Strahl, Minister of State for Small Business and Tourism Rob Moore, Minister of the Environment Jim Prentice, Co-Chairmen of Canada-China Legislative Association Joseph Day and Daryl Kramp, Leader of the Liberal Party Michael Ignatieff, former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. In February, the Second Meeting of the China-Canada Strategic Working Group was held in Beijing, co-chaired by Vice Foreign Minister Cui Tiankai, Vice Commerce Minister Yi Xiaozhun, Vice Foreign Minister Leonard Edwards, Vice Minister of International Trade Louis Lévesque. Vice Minister of Natural Resources Catherine Doyle attended the meeting. The two sides had an in-depth exchange of views on advancing China-Canada relations and cooperation in a variety of fields including trade, investment, natural resources, the environment and multilateral affairs. The meeting achieved positive results.
Business cooperation between the two countries was further deepened and two-way trade and investment continued to grow. In June, the Fourth China-Canada Business Forum was held in Ottawa and over 500 Chinese and Canadian businessmen attended it. A number of documents were signed on cooperation in mining, environmental protection, new energy and investment services, involving about 500 million Canadian dollars. In October, the First Meeting of the China-Canada Economic Partnership Working Group was held in Beijing. Sinopec bought from the American company ConocoPhillips 9.03% of the equities of the SynCrude Oil Sands Project in Canada at the price of 4.675 billion Canadian dollars.
The two countries attained new results in their exchanges and cooperation in culture, education, health, science, technology, environmental protection, justice, law enforcement and tourism and maintained good communication and coordination on affairs concerning the United Nations and the G-20 and major international and regional issues such as climate change. A number of meetings were held between the two countries, including the Sixth Meeting of the China-Canada Joint Committee on Environmental Cooperation, the Third Meeting of the China-Canada Joint Committee on Technology, the Seventh Meeting of the China-Canada Working Group on Law Enforcement, the Third China-Canada Working-Level Consultation on Law Enforcement and Judicial Cooperation, the Second China-Canada Policy Dialogue on Health, the Third Meeting of the China-Canada Joint Committee on Health, and the First China-Canada High-Level Consultation on Education Collaboration. The agreement on Approved Destination Status between China and Canada took effect and the first Chinese tourist group set out on their trip to Canada in August. The two sides commemorated the 40th anniversary of diplomatic ties in multiple ways, including messages of congratulation sent between the Chinese premier and the Canadian prime minister and between foreign ministers, exhibitions, art performances, seminars and receptions, which further increased mutual understanding and friendship between the two peoples. After the massive mudslide in Zhouqu, Gansu, Governor General Jean and Foreign Minister Cannon expressed condolences to China.
Local exchanges between the two countries were dynamic. Premier Gordon Campbell of British Columbia, Premier Ed Stelmach of Alberta and Premier Brad Wall of Saskatchewan made a joint visit to China. Two other visits to China were paid by Premier Greg Selinger and Lieutenant Governor Philip S. Lee of Manitoba and Premier Dalton McGuinty of Ontario. Governor Chen Zhenggao of Liaoning Province, Governor Luo Baoming of Hainan Province and Party Secretary Zeng Wei of Shenyang City visited Canada. There were 47 pairs of sister provinces and cities between China and Canada.