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Postion and Area
China is situated in the eastern part of Asia, on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean.

China has a total land area of 9.6 million square kilometres, next only to Russia and Canada. From north to south, it measures some 5,500 kilometres, stretching from the central line of the Heilong River north of the town of Mohe to the Zengmu Reef at the southernmost tip of the Nansha Islands. From west to east, the territory of China extends about 5,200 kilometres from the Pamirs to the confluence of the Heilong and Wusuli rivers.

China's land border is 22,800 kilometres long. The nation is bordered by Korea in the east; Mongolia in the north; Russia in the northeast; Kazakhstan, Kirghizia and Tadzhikistan in the northwest; Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan in the west and southwest; and Myanmar, Laos and Viet Nam in the south. Across the seas to the east and southeast are the Republic of Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia, and Indonesia.

The Chinese mainland is flanked by the Bohai, the Huanghai (Yellow Sea), and the East China and South China seas in the east and south. The territorial waters of the People's Republic of China extend 12 nautical miles out from the base line drawn where China's land territories and interior waters border the sea. More than 5,000 islands are scattered over China's vast territorial seas, the largest being Taiwan with an area of 36,000 square kilometres, and the next largest, Hainan with an area of 34,000 square kilometres. Taiwan and Hainan are two provinces of China.

The coast of the mainland, 18,000 kilometres long, is dotted with excellent barbours and ports, the most famous of them, from north to south, being Dalian, Qinhuangdao, Tianjin, Yantai, Qingdao, Lianyungang, Nantong, Shanghai, Ningbo, Wenzhou, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Guangzhou, Zhanjiang and Beihai. Among them Shanghai is the largest city in China with a population of 13.56 million and well-developed industry, commerce, finance and ocean transportation.
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