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Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence

In handling international relations, China has consistently taken the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence as the guide instead of using social system, ideology or the concept of values as the criterion. These principles were first put forward by the late Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai when he met with an Indian delegation in December 1953. They were advocated in the joint declarations issued by the Premier with the Prime Ministers of India and Myanmar during the Chinese Premier's visit to the two countries in June 1954. At the first Asian-African conference (the Bandung Conference) held in April 1955, Premier Zhou Enlai reiterated these principles, the spirit of which was incorporated into the declarations of the Conference. In 1982 these Five Principles were written into the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. They are now a fundamental principle for China in fostering and developing friendly relations with all the countries in the world.